Street Views: 22 and 6 Suppl.
Address: 41 Haymarket
At some point in time, the Hope Coffee House must have moved, as an 1813 notice in The London Gazette situates it at the corner of Haymarket and Coventry Street, which was most likely number 38. Number 41, where an 1835 advertisement in The Examiner places it and where Tallis was to find it a few years later, is across the street and a few houses southwards. The 1813 notice names a Mr. Maddock as the proprietor of the coffee house, but the 1835 advertisement is silent as to who ran the business at the time.
Pigot’s Directory of 1839, however, lists George Biggs, the one Tallis also names, as coffee house keeper at 41 Coventry Street. That seems too much of a coincidence, and I think 41 Haymarket must be meant. 1839 is also the year in which one Thomas Kraskowski assaulted Elizabeth Savage, one of the waitresses at the coffee house. He threw a cup of scalding hot coffee in her face, “nearly depriving her of her eyesight” as the papers would have it. It transpired that Kraskowski had come in on Saturday night 2 November, asking for a cup of tea. He had been a regular customer of the coffee house, and Elizabeth brought him his usual tea. When he paid for it with sixpence, she returned him three pence of which he pushed one towards her, saying “that is for you”, but as soon as she wanted to pick up the coin, he threw the tea in her face. When she screamed, other customers rushed to help and held on to Kraskowski, but not before he had thrown the tea pot through the window. Thomas said that he thought the waitress had brought him poison instead of tea. He had previously complained to his landlady that he felt ill because they had poisoned him in a coffee house in the Haymarket. His employer – Thomas worked as a wood engraver – would not bail him and he was committed to trial at the Westminster Sessions.(1) He was sentenced to 10 days in prison.
George Biggs did not stay for very long at 41 Haymarket and in the 1841 census we find Edward Payne and his wife Sarah there. Also living on the premises are one servant boy and five female servants, one of whom is Charlotte Savage, perhaps a relation of Elizabeth Savage who was maltreated by Kraskowski. Edward’s full name was Edward Wood Payne and he is listed as such in the 1843 and 1848 Post Office Directories The 1851 census just shows Sarah at number 41 with her daughter from a previous marriage and two servants. Edward is nowhere to be found.
A notice in The London Gazette of 30 July, 1861, announces that the partnership between Hagop Manuk and John Tucker is dissolved. They had been running a “cigar and coffee divan” at 41 Haymarket, but it unclear when they started it. Tucker also ran a cigar and coffee house at 53 Haymarket in partnership with various people, at least since 1859, but he withdrew from that in 1862 (more on that establishment in the post on number 53). To give you some idea of what a cigar divan looked like, above a picture of Gliddon’s cigar divan in King Street Covent Garden, as there does not seem to be one available for the Haymarket divans of Mr. Tucker.
In the 1861 census, number 41 was occupied by one Henry with an undecipherable last name who originally came from France and described his occupation as “Café Grec”. Also living there were a barmaid and a female servant. In 1868, one Edward Jacob Anthony Mayer is declared a bankrupt and he is listed as “prior thereto of no. 41, Haymarket, keeper of a café and a restaurant”, but unfortunately the notice does not reveal when Mayer was working in the Haymarket.(2) In 1871, the premises were occupied by an unemployed clerk and his wife. No indication is given whether the coffee house/cigar divan still existed and whether the clerk just lived upstairs, so the divan story ends here.
But what happened to Edward Wood Payne and his wife Sarah? As we saw, Sarah was still at 41 Haymarket when the 1851 census was taken, but she disappeared from the records very quickly after that. The 1851 Post Office Directory skips from 40A to 42, suggesting a vacancy at number 41, nor can the Paynes be found in the alphabetical section. The 1856 Post Office Directory lists John Scott, coffee and dining rooms at number 41. What happened to Sarah and her daughter after 1851 is unclear. Edward was admitted as a private patient to Grove Hall, Bow, in late 1863 and he died there in April 1864 (more on the history of Grove Hall here). He was buried in Victoria Park Cemetery, Hackney, on the 3rd of May. Grove Hall was a lunatic asylum, but what ailed Edward exactly is unclear, nor have I worked out where he was at the time of the 1851 and 1861 censuses.
So, we have as proprietors at number 41:
< 1841 George Biggs
1841-1851 Edward and Sarah Payne
1856 John Scott
< 1861 Manuk & Tucker
1861 Henry ?
< 1868 EJA Mayer
(1) The Era, 10 November 1839.
(2) The London Gazette, 22 December 1868.
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