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Street View: 55
Address: 136 Aldersgate Street

elevation

In a previous post, we saw Thomas Collingridge, a watchmaker, temporarily doubling up as coffee house keeper, but at the time of the Tallis Street Views, he was still just a watchmaker, while the coffee rooms on the premises were run by Joseph Hawkrigg. When Hawkrigg started his work at 136 Aldersgate Street is unclear, but he did not stay there for very long. Already in the 1841 census, we find him at the Barbican, still as coffee house keeper. The Land Tax records for the street position him in the fourth house from Barbican Court, which would be number 65 on Horwood’s map, just around the corner from Aldersgate Street. According to the tax records, he remained there until 1846 (tax records for 1847 do not exist for the area and in 1848 he has disappeared).

Horwood's 1799 map

Horwood’s 1799 map

But back to the coffee house in Aldersgate Street for a moment. In 1839/40 we find Hawkrigg there and we know that from 1843 to 1848 watchmaker Collingridge was doubling up as coffee house keeper. The 1841 census gives William and Sarah Vaughan as the proprietors and according to Robson’s Directory for 1842, one John Carroll ran the coffee business that year. And after Collingridge, we can trace one name, that of Thomas Edward Malone, a journeyman leather-case maker, “formerly of no. 136, Aldersgate-street, London, keeper of the Yorkshire Coffee and Dining-rooms” who was to appear before the commissioner on a bankruptcy charge.(1) The 1851 census mentions a Thomas Edwards, portmanteau maker’s apprentice, but no mention is made of the coffee house and neither does the 1851 Post Office Directory mention a coffee house or anything else other than Collingridge’s watch shop at number 136.

The name of “The Yorkshire Coffee House” was used by Collingridge in the 1843 and 1848 Postoffice directories, but searching for that name does not bring us any further in reconstructing the history of the place. The description given for Malone suggests you could also eat at the coffee rooms, but I have not found that description with any of the earlier owners.

Thomas Rowlandson, Coffee house in Salisbury Market Place, 1891 (©National Maritime Museum, London)

Thomas Rowlandson, Coffee house in Salisbury Market Place, 1891 (©National Maritime Museum, London)

In the 1841 census, Joseph Hawkrigg, 40 years old, is listed with his wife Elizabeth, also 40 years old, and their young daughter Elizabeth, 2 years old. Trying to work backwards to find out more about Joseph was a bit tricky, because at first I could not prove we were talking about the same Joseph. A Joseph Hawkrigg, police officer, widower, son of Job Hawkrigg, merchant, married Elizabeth Roberts, daughter of John Roberts, victualler, on 22 August 1837 at St. Bartholomew the Great. Now, if he is the same Joseph, we find him as police officer giving evidence in several Old Bailey cases between 1831 and 1837. In 1831 he described himself as belonging to the Aldersgate Street parish and in 1836, he claims to be the inspector of the Aldersgate Street ward.(2) Joseph, son of Job Hawkrigg and Isabella Ubank, was baptised as Joseph Ubank Hawkrigg on 3 September 1800 in Ryde, Hampshire, which would be in keeping with the 1841 census where he is listed as not born in London. His first marriage was to Esther Wright in August 1829 at Christ Church/St. Leonard, Foster Lane.

Fortunately, an Old Bailey case gave me the link between Joseph the policeman and Joseph the coffee house keeper. On 21 March 1841, one William Sparkes came to Joseph’s coffee house in Barbican and requested a room. In the morning Joseph missed some money and as Sparkes was the only stranger in the house, Hawkrigg asked if he would consent to being searched. A police constable was sent for and between them they found money hidden in some material wound around Sparke’s leg. When cross-examined, Hawkrigg confirmed that he had been an officer. Although they do not say ‘police officer’, I think we can safely assume that Joseph the policeman changed his career to that of coffee house keeper, possibly under the influence of his father-in-law who was a victualler.

And that, I am afraid, is as far as I got with my research into the Hawkriggs. No more census or tax records for them; nor have I found a death entry. Did they perhaps emigrate?

Jacob Ernst Marcus, Coffee house, 1814 (Source: Rijksmuseum Amsterdam)

Jacob Ernst Marcus, Coffee house, 1814 (Source: Rijksmuseum Amsterdam)

(1) The London Gazette, 20 December 1850.
(2) Old Bailey cases t18310908-322 and t18360704-1729.

Neighbours:

<– 138 Aldersgate Street 135 Aldersgate Street –>
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